DIABETES MELLITUS IN DOGS AND CATS
Diabetes in the dog and cat and the treatment for diabetes mellitus are interesting and challenging topics. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disorder where the body is unable to regulate blood sugar levels. (There is another dissimilar disease called Diabetes Insipidus that is associated with the pituitary gland.) Each case seems to be different, and regulating the diabetic dog or cat so that their blood glucose levels are as normal as possible is vitally important. The real problem with a diabetic dog or cat is that even in the presence of sugar (glucose) in the blood stream, something interferes with the entry of that sugar into the body’s cells where it is required for the life sustaining energy of those cells. With no sugar in the cells, the cell dies in a very short period of time.
A highly complicated disease entity, diabetes has been classified according to what pathway of energy metabolism has been disrupted. Fortunately with Diabetes mellitus in dogs and cats most cases can be treated successfully with Insulin injections.