There is a lot of important information you need to know about aquariums if you are going to start up your own one. To begin with there are about 20,000 of fish available in the world seas, oceans and other water reservoirs. Of course, most of them can live in aquariums, depending on their size and shape. However, you do not need to know about all of them, because only several types of fish can be accommodated by a small fish tank you can arrange at home. This article will give you all needed information on the peculiarities of fish tank maintenance. The most important thing you have to understand is that your fish have no protecting coat like most of the mammals and predators do, so the temperature of water must be considered attentively. If the temperature of water in your aquarium is too high, it can reduce the content of oxygen in water, which is not recommended. The low temperature is also extremely harmful for your fish. So, you have to avoid abrupt temperature drops to protect them from shock and death. Different species of fish prefer different temperatures, so you have to choose the ones, which live in similar conditions. For example, the Gold fish prefer the temperature of about 25 degrees centigrade. Exotic fish prefer the same temperature and the increase of temperature up to twenty seven degrees centigrade is possible without the considerable harm to fish health.
The first and the most important thing you have to buy for your aquarium is a thermometer. It is needed to keep the constant temperature level in your fish tank. If you see that, the temperature is getting higher or lower you can take timely measures to restore the same temperature level. It would be impossible without thermometer.
The second important thing is the PH level of water. It differs for freshwater and saltwater aquariums. The average PH for saltwater aquariums is 6,8 – 7,2 and for freshwater aquariums – 7,8 – 8,3. There are a lot of factors influencing the change of PH level. You have to get a device needed for acidity level measurement. High acidity level leads to the sudden increase of ammonia level in water. Ammonia is very harmful for you fish and you have to do your best to avoid it. Two more things that must be carefully measured are gravity and oxygen levels, so make sure that you have corresponding measuring devices.
As well as people, fish cannot live without oxygen. The only difference is that fish breathe with gills, whereas people gill with lungs. Water doesn’t contain the quantity of oxygen sufficient for your fish vital activity, so you have to buy a proper air pump, which is going to supply oxygen to your fish tank.
After all these major preparations are done, you can go and choose species and some additional devices and accessories for your fish tank.
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