Secrets of Dog Training Professionals – Why Use Food?
By Aidan Bindoff
Have you ever wondered how really good dog trainers come up with the techniques they use to solve behaviour problems in dogs such as excessive barking, destructive chewing, toileting in the house and jumping up on visitors? Or how top dog trainers come up with ways to train dogs in top obedience and working competitions? Apart from a few “naturals,” most really good dog trainers have a very good understanding of how dogs learn. They have adapted theory from the world of behavioural science and turned that knowledge into real-life practical skills for training dogs. This article explains in plain English some of the science and theory behind dog training, these really are secrets of the dog training professionals!
If you go to any good dog trainer or read any of the many excellent books on dog training these days you will discover that most trainers are using food in their training. Why is this so?
Many dog owners are discovering the joy of humane, pet-friendly training using Positive Reinforcement. Positive Reinforcement involves giving the dog something they want when they do something we want. It’s the same as getting paid to work, we turn up and do our job, and our employer pays us accordingly (well, enough to keep us doing our job anyway!) Would we go to work without pay? Not likely! Even volunteers get something out of doing their job.
The question is, what do dogs want? The list is almost endless, there are the basic requirements such as food and water. Then there are things like social contact, attention, play, toys and exercise. All of these things can potentially be used as positive reinforcement, and each dog will have a particular bias for what he or she will or will not work for.
So why do positive reinforcement trainers rely mostly on food in their training?
1. All dogs need to eat. Food is necessary to survival and dogs are hard-wired to work for food.
2. Most dogs love to eat, even beyond basic survival.
3. Some food is particularly tasty to dogs and will get a more enthusiastic response.
4. Food is convenient for the trainer, lots of small pieces fit in a bag or pocket and can be used throughout the day whenever we catch our dog doing something we like!
5. We have to feed our dogs anyway, so we might as well get something in return!
6. It is quicker and more efficient than training with play or toys, therefore we can get in many more reinforcements in a shorter space of time
7. Food gives the dog positive associations with being trained.
Why don’t some dogs work for food? Mostly this is because they are not hungry. They either have free access to food, have too large meals, or very small stomachs and fill up very quickly. They may simply not like the food you are trying to give them, we all have different tastes when it comes to food.
Whilst special treats are great to use for training, often they are fatty, sugary or salty and not particularly healthy, so use these in moderation. The healthier the food you use, the better your dog’s health will be. Some trainers are lucky enough to have dogs that enjoy healthy treats like carrot or apple!
Here’s a trick for owners with dogs that don’t appear to be food motivated:
– Divide your dogs normal meal into small pieces suitable for training
– Use those small pieces as training treats
– When you have finished training, give your dog the remainder as his meal
If that doesn’t work, please seek help from a competent positive reinforcement trainer or veterinarian if you suspect health problems. All dogs need to eat, and all dogs will work for food – no exceptions!
Aidan Bindoff is intensely interested in dog behaviour and works to remediate fearful, anxious and aggressive dogs in Australia. He also moderates the Training Levels group at http://www.groups.yahoo.com/group/traininglevels/ which offers a step-by-step training program for people training their own dogs. This program was created by Sue Ailsby, for more information visit the Training Levels group or Sue’s website (with FREE e-book) http://www.dragonflyllama.com
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