Normal Values For Dog and Cat Temperature, Blood Tests, Urine and other information

Normal Values For Dog and Cat Temperature, Blood Tests, Urine and other information in ThePetCenter.com

The normal temperature for a dog or cat is a question often asked of veterinarians. Normal values for dog and cat temperature, blood tests, urine tests, weights and other physical parameters are displayed below for your information. Please keep in mind that these normal values for dogs and cats are approximations and surely do not apply to every dog or cat in every situation. If you have health concerns about your pet, be sure to consult with your local veterinarian for information

TEMPERATURE

Dog… 101 to 102.5
Cat… 101 to 102.2

Remember: Temperatures outside these values do not automatically
indicate that a disease or disorder is present.

Learn about HEAT STROKE in pets.

GESTATION PERIOD

Gestation Period .. Dogs 62 – 63 days.
Gestation Period .. Cats 63 – 64 days.

BLOOD TESTS – BLOOD CHEMISTRY LEVELS

Normal Values for blood chemistry elements for dogs and cats are displayed in the table below. Keep in mind that each blood chemistry machine and every veterinary diagnostic lab has their own set of normal values calculated for their particular instrumentation. The values shown here may be different from normal ranges your veterinarian refers to when making judgments about patients’ reported blood chemistry values.

NORMAL RANGES FOR A LABORATORY’S BLOOD CHEMISTRY VALUES FOR DOGS

GLUCOSE 67 – 125 mg/dL
ALT 15 – 84 U/L
TOTAL BILIRUBIN 0.0 – 0.4 mg/dL
TOTAL PROTEIN 5.2 – 7.8 gm/dL
UREA NITROGEN 9 – 27 mg/dL
PHOSPHORUS 2.6 – 6.8 mg/dL
SODIUM 140 – 153 mmol/L
CHLORIDE 106 – 118 mmol/L
LDH 10 – 273 U/L
MAGNESIUM 1.5 – 2.7 mg/dL
LIPASE 200 – 700 U/L
T4 1.0 – 4.7 ug/dL
pH 7.32 – 7.42

NORMAL RANGES FOR A LABORATORY’S BLOOD CHEMISTRY VALUES FOR CATS

GLUCOSE 70 -160 mg/dL
ALT 10 – 80 U/L
TOTAL BILIRUBIN 0.0 – 0.2 mg/dL
TOTAL PROTEIN 5.6 – 7.7gm/dL
UREA NITROGEN 20 – 30 mg/dL
PHOSPHORUS 2.7 – 7.6 mg/dL
SODIUM 145 – 155 mmol/L
CHLORIDE 117 – 124 mmol/L
LDH 79 – 380 U/L
MAGNESIUM 1.7 – 2.9 mg/dL
LIPASE 40 – 200 U/L
T4 2.0 – 5.5 ug/dL
pH 7.24 – 7.40

NORMAL RANGES FOR A LABORATORY’S HEMATOLOGY VALUES FOR DOGS

(RBC) Red Blood Cell Count 5.5 – 8.5 X 100,000/μL
(WBC) White Blood Cell Count 6.0 – 17 x 1000/μL
(MCH) Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin 19.5 – 25.5 pg
(RDW) Red Cell Distribution Width 14 – 19 percent
Hematocrit 37 – 55 percent
HgB (Hemoglobin) g/L 120-180
Reticulocytes 0-1.5%
Segs x1000/ul 3.6-11.5
Bands x1000/ul 0.0-0.3
Lymphocytes x1000/ul 1.0-4.8
Monocytes x1000/ul 0.15-1.35
Eosinophils x1000/ul 0.01-1.25
Platelets x 100000/ul 2-9

NORMAL RANGES FOR A LABORATORY’S HEMATOLOGY VALUES FOR CATS

(RBC) Red Blood Cell Count 5.5 – 10.0 X 100,000/μL
(WBC) White Blood Cell Count 6.0 – 19 x 1000/μL
(MCH) Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin 12.5 – 17.5 pg
(RDW) Red Cell Distribution Width 14 – 31 percent
Hematocrit 30 – 45 percent
HgB (Hemoglobin) g/L 80-150
Reticulocytes 0-1%
Segs x1000/ul 2.5-12.5
Bands x1000/ul 0.0-0.3
Lymphocytes x1000/ul 1.5-7.0
Monocytes x1000/ul 0.0-0.85
Eosinophils x1000/ul 0.0-1.5
Platelets x 100000/ul 3-7

NORMAL RANGES FOR HEMOSTATIC VALUES FOR DOGS

Bleeding Time in minutes 2- 5 minutes
Whole Blood Coag. Time in Glass 6 – 8 minutes
Prothrombin Time 6 – 10 seconds
Partial thromboplastin time 15 – 25 seconds

NORMAL RANGES FOR HEMOSTATIC VALUES FOR CATS

Bleeding Time in minutes 2 – 5 minutes
Whole Blood Coag. Time in Glass 8 minutes
Prothrombin Time 8.6 seconds

NORMAL BODY WEIGHT

HOW MUCH SHOULD YOUR DOG WEIGH?

Veterinary scientists have established that it is much better for a growing pup to be slightly thin rather than slightly or obviously overweight. That does not mean that a low quality diet should be fed! High quality, meat-based pet foods that have a meat or poultry listed as the first ingredient are more digestible than grain-based diets and are highly nutritious. To control a dog or cat’s weight keep in mind that exercise and controlled calorie intake are the key factors in keeping pets at an optimum body weight. The body condition chart below, which is property of Nestle-Purina Company, is a general visual guideline and surely does not apply to all breeds. For example a Chow Chow or Shar-Pei might not fit the illustrated scheme. Also, be aware that there are no set standards regarding how much any individual dog or cat “should weight”. For example, in a litter of eight Labrador Retriever puppies there may be a wide variation in mature body sizes, bone structure and optimum body weights. A normal male might weight 90 pounds at 12 months of age… and another male might weigh 78 pounds. Two normal females from the same litter might weight 55 pounds and 70 pounds. So when you ask your veterinarian “How much should my dog or cat weigh”, expect an evasive answer because there really is no single answer. It depends on each individual dog and cat’s body composition.

BODY CONDITION CHART
(This chart and images are  presented with permission of and is copyright property of the Nestle-Purina Company)

1 Emaciated
Ribs, lumbar vertebrae, pelvic bones and all bony prominences evident from a distance. No discernible body fat. Obvious loss of muscle mass.

2 Very Thin
Ribs, lumbar vertebrae, pelvic bones and all bony prominences easily visible. No palpable fat. Minimal loss of muscle mass.

Courtesy of The Nestle-Purina Company

3 Thin
Ribs easily palpitated and may be visible with no palpable fat. Tops of lumbar vertebrae visible. Pelvic bones becoming prominent. Obvious waist and abdominal tuck.

4 Underweight
Ribs easily palpable, with minimal fat covering. Waist easily noted, viewed from above. Abdomen tucked up when viewed from the side.

Courtesy of The Nestle-Purina Company

5 Ideal
Ribs palpable without excess fat covering. Waist observed behind ribs when viewed from above. Abdominal tuck evident.

6 Overweight
Ribs palpable with slight excess fat covering. Waist is discernible viewed from above but is not prominent. Abdominal tuck apparent.

Courtesy of The Nestle-Purina Company

7 Heavy
Ribs palpable with difficulty, heavy fat cover. Noticeable fat deposits over lumbar area and base of tail. Waist absent or barely visible. Abdominal tuck may be absent.

8 Obese
Ribs not palpable under very heavy fat cover, or palpable only with significant pressure. Heavy fat deposits over lumbar area and base of tail. Waist absent. No abdominal tuck. Obvious abdominal distension may be present.

Courtesy of The Nestle-Purina Company

9 Grossly Obese
Massive fat deposits over thorax, spine and base of tail. Waist and abdominal tuck.

Courtesy of The Nestle-Purina Company

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